This is going to be a two parter.
Lucy Terry was the author of African American literature that was published until after her death. She wrote about an incident in Deerfield, MA with Native Americans in 1746. It was orally passed on until 1855 when it was finally published. She was a former slave in Vermont.
Claudette Colvin is the woman who was first to be taken to jail and fined for not getting up and giving her seat to white persons on a crowded bus. 9 months before Rosa Parks. Because she was just a teenager, who was pregnant and unwed at the time, it wasn’t in the NAACP’s favor to put her as a pillar of struggle. It wasn’t until the secretary of the NAACP was imprisoned that the segregation of buses in Montgomery, Alabama became an apparent issue.